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Copyright 2013@SEVAI

Inclusive Education for the disabled and other associated welfare measures under taken by SEVAI

 

Integrated Services for The Differently Abled Persons

 

SEVAI Project Background

The Disability Division in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment facilitates empowerment of the persons with disabilities, who as per Census 2001 are 2.19 crore and are 2.13 percent of the total population of the Country. These include persons with visual, hearing, speech, locomotor and mental disabilities. Under Article 253 of the Constitution read with item No. 13 of the Union List  , the Government of India enacted "The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995", in the effort to ensure equal opportunities for persons with disabilities and their full participation in nation-building. India signed the UN Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities External website that opens in a new window on 30th March, 2007, the day it opened for signature. India ratifies the UN Convention on I st October, 2008.

  1. Inclusion is the term used for a combination of students of many abilities into one classroom setting. In the inclusive setting, students with special needs are grouped with students in regular educational programs without distinction between the two groups.

  2. An inclusion classroom often has two teachers--a regular educator and a special educator. The students in an inclusion classroom come with a variety of abilities, from special needs to regular educational needs.

  3. Students with special needs are entitled to a full, free, public education just like their peers in regular educational programs and settings. The inclusion classroom provides a setting for these students to interact with their peers of all ability levels, thus most accurately mirroring the real world outside of school.

  4. Students in regular education classes often do not even realize that they are part of an inclusion setting. The inclusion setting provides these students with an opportunity to interact with students who may have different ways of learning or different abilities; again, mimicking the real-world experience for these students as well.

 

 Special educators intervention topics covered by SEVAI

1: Inclusive Education: An Introduction

2: Designing Inclusive Classrooms

3: Teaching Students with Communication Disorders

4: Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities

5: Teaching Students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

6: Teaching Students with Emotional or Behavioural Disorders

7: Teaching Students with Intellectual Disabilities

8: Teaching Students with Autism and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (NEW)

9: Teaching Students with Sensory Impairments, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Other Low-Incidence Disabilities

10: Teaching Students with Special Gifts and Talents

11: Teaching Students Who Are at Risk

12: Classroom Organization and Management

13: Teaching Students with Special Needs in Elementary Schools

14: Teaching Students with Special Needs in Secondary Schools

15: Working with Families of Students with Exceptionalities

 

The SEVAI organization been working for the Children with Special Needs (CWSN) ( since 1995. In this endeavor it has touched many milestones with its IED team and strong network of 106783 SHG members. We follow many innovative strategies to fulfill the needs of Children with special needs along with SHARVA SHIKSHA ABIYAN - INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR THE DISABLED (SSA-IED) since 2002 -03.

 

DISABILITY

This Means Inability to do something like that of a normal human being due to physical or mental barrier. Disability in one of the body functions is compensated by increased ability in another one. Hence the disabled people are being called as Differently abled or Diffabled or Children with Special Needs (CWSN).

The Govt has decided to include the Children with Special Needs (CWSN) (mild and moderate) with mainstream education by enrolling them in the normal nearby normal schools, after rehabilitating them through various measures.

 

 

REHABILITATION

It is a process of bringing back an individual to normal or near normal life after an accident or illness.

 

Ways of rehabilitation

1. Surgical correction of deformities

2. Provision of aids and appliances

3. Physiotherapy

4. Speech therapy

5. Counselling

 

Key data of Trichirapalli District

Area of Trichirappalli  : 4,403.83 (Sq. Km)

Population: Male      : 12, 08, 534, Female        : 12, 09, 832,Total   : 24,18,366

DISABLED:  30,408

  Physically challenged                   :    16,545

  Intellectually challenged             :       7,719

  Visually impaired                           :       2,815

  Hearing impaired                           :        3,467

  Cerebral Palsy                                :           145

  Autism                                              :           137

  Mentally ill                                       :           120

                 TOTAL                                  :      30,408

  • The Persons with Disabilities Act was enacted during 1995

  • To give equal opportunities for the disabled and to protect their rights in order to integrate them with the normal society to enable them to have full participation in the normal life

  • According to the National Sample Survey Report, the disabled constitute 1.9% of the total population. As per 2001 Census, total population of the disabled persons in the State is 16,42,737.

  • Trichirapalli District   Has PWD 30,408

 

WELFARE SCHEMES  FOR THE DIFFERENTLY ABLED collaborated effort with Government.

          Issue of Identity Cards.

          Issue of Welfare Board Identity Card

          Special Education through Special School

          Scholarships for the Differently Abled students

          Readers Allowance for the Visually Challenged students

          1/3rd  Subsidy for Self Employment

          Inclusive Education for DISABLED,

          Day care centre for in rural areas

          Bus Pass to travel within the district

          75% concession to travel within the State

          Maintenance Grant to Severely Disabled persons

          Maintenance allowance for Muscular dystrophy

          Maintenance grant to Intellectual challenged

          Supply of Aids and Appliances

          Marriage Assistance Scheme

          Vocational Training Programme

          Early  Identification and intervention  for Hearing Impaired

          Early Identification and intervention for Intellectually Challenged

          Feeding Grant for the Residential Special schools

          Staff Salary for Special teachers

  

AIMS OF SHARVA SHIKSHA ABIYAN-INCLUSIVE EDUCATION (SSA-IED):

  1. Primary Education for all children (0-18) both normal & differently abled children by 2010.

  2. Enrollment of all school age children before 2007.

  3. Inclusion of all CWSN with main stream education by 2010.

  4. Provision of education without sex discrimination.

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF THIS SCHEME:

  1. Inclusion of CWSN (0 to 18) with mainstream education.

  2. Home based education and day care centers for severely disabled.

  3. Training to special teachers, school teachers, and parents to provide innovative education to CWSN.

  4. Provision of assistive devices for the differently abled children according to their need.

  5. Surgical correction of deformities.

 

    

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF IED

Activities

1.    Identification

2.    Enrollment

3.    Assessment

4.    Aids and appliances

5.    Awareness training

6.    Home based training

7.    Barrier free environment

8.    Ied training for teachers

9.    Play park

10. Nationality id card

11. Surgery

12. Resource room

13. Day care centre

 

IDENTIFICATION

We have identified 3341 CWSN and enrolled 2112 in 10 blocks of Trichy district. This process has been successfully achieved with the help of following strategies,

  Door to door survey conducted by special teachers.

  Information gathered through strong network of 106783 SEVAI-SHG members.

  Through DDRO, VEC members, VHN, ICDS workers and various youth clubs.

 

2. ENROLLMENT

According to the extent of disability, identified CWSN were enrolled in the nearby normal schools (Mild and moderate CWSN) and special schools (Severe CWSN).

 

Key: I-Identified             E-Enrolled in schools

 

S.No

Name of the block

Visually impaired

Hearing impaired

Mentally retarded

Locomotor disability

Other disabilities

Total

 
 

I       

E

I

E

I

E

I

E

I

E

I

E

 

1

Anda nallur

29

26

47

44

121

99

107

100

1

1

306

270

 

2

Lalgudi

66

47

71

47

87

65

86

80

17

6

327

245

 

3

Manachanallur

28

24

49

48

171

92

141

77

6

3

395

244

 

4

Manikandam

52

49

48

45

71

50

111

80

0

0

282

224

 

5

Manapparai

22

20

41

40

75

56

73

54

1

0

212

170

 

6

Musiri

68

61

70

60

113

82

140

89

span style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Verdana","sans-serif""> 5

2

396

294

 

7

Thiruverumbur

33

33

50

50

153

76

139

108

0

0

375

267

 

8

Thuraiyur

28

28

71

59

70

51

100

55

2

1

271

194

 

9

Trichy-urban

75

73

78

57

227

82

154

82

0

0

534

294

 

10

Trichy-west

20

17

38

32

90

66

95

70

0

0

243

185

 

 

Total

421

378

563

482

950

719

1038

795

32

13

3341

2387

 

 

3. ASSESMENT -MEDICAL CAMP

We have conducted 10 medical camps (1/block) to identify the differently abled children in all blocks. The dates & Venues for the Medical camp had been informed to the special children through Supervisors, BRTEs, School Teacher, Cluster Resource Centre, Village education committee, Self help groups, and the voluntary organization.

 

Those who didnt turn to medical camps were brought to the near by Govt hospital for diagnosis and followed up by our IED team to meet their demand. 

 

ACTIVITIES AT THE MEDICAL CAMP

F  Professional assessment done by the specialist doctors.

F  Recommendation for assistive devices calipers, Special shoes, (Measurement taken by orthotist.)

F  Recommendation for surgery and physiotherapy exercises.

F  Psychiatric counseling for mentally Retarded children.

F  Parental Advice

 

THE FOLLOWING OFFICIALS VISITED THE MEDICAL CAMPS:

  District Collector

  District Project Coordinator & Chief Educational Officer

  District Disabled Rehabilitation Officer

  Assistance District Project Coordinator

  Media Documentation Officer

 

Class Room Situation

 S. No

Name of the Block

Types of Disability

Total

VI

HI & SD

OI

MR

B

G

B

G`

B

G

B

G

B

G

1

Andhanallur

32

34

26

25

35

40

42

41

135

140

2

Lalgudi

6

12

32

15

40

18

19

22

97

67

3

Mannachanallur

22

52

22

14

34

18

25

21

103

105

4

Thiruverumbur

17

28

5

9

17

18

15

9

54

64

5

Manikandam

16

21

11

7

17

16

8

11

52

55

6

Manapparai

20

13

18

13

15

20

15

9

68

55

7

Musiri

29

37

24

19

16

11

13

11

82

78

8

Thuraiyur

121

170

42

25

40

35

29

31

232

261

9

Trichy Urban

84

4

12

9

10

7

14

13

120

33

10

Trichy West

155

119

20

7

18

17

17

7

210

150

Total

502

490

212

143

242

200

197

175

1153

1008

 

4. AIDS AND APPLIANCES:

According to the measurement taken on CWSN at the time of medical camp, aids and appliances have been provided to CWSN. Details are given below.     

2009 - 2010 Aids & Appliances Provided details

S. No

Types of Appliances

Boys

Girls

Total

1

Ortho Prosthetics

2

1

3

2

Ortho Appliances

59

45

104

2

Tricycle

3

1

4

3

Wheel Chair

7

5

12

4

Hearing Aids

39

30

69

5

Ear Mould

42

30

72

 

Total

152

112

264

2009 - 2010 Surgery Performed Details 

S. No

Name of Surgery

Boys

Girls

Total

1

Ortho

19

23

42

2

Hearing impairment & Speech Disorder

5

4

9

 

Total

24

27

51

          

5. AWARENESS TRAINING

In order to prevent the birth of CWSN and to bringing up the already born CWSN, SEVAI-IED team conducted one day awareness program for parents of CWSN at the respective BRCs. The entire network of 106783 SEVAI-SHG members is trained on disability awareness. 

 

6. HOME BASED TRAINING

Profound and severe special children are not able to reach either resource room or school because of crippling disability. In order to alleviate their problems and to render effective services our physiotherapists and Special teachers visit them at their houses and training them in all dimensions from physical buildup to mental enhancement. Their parents are trained on handling them to provide uninterrupted service.

 

7. BARRIER FREE ENVIRONMENT

In order to provide easy accessibility to CWSN, the buildings are modified with ramps and hand rails and toilets with easy passage and convenient seating. Details are given below.

  1. Ramps                             :        163

  2. Hand rails                         :        69

  3. Toilet modification              :        61

 

8. TRAINING

The following personals are trained on IED

1. Special teachers

2. Normal school teachers

3. DPO staffs, BRC staffs

4. ICDS workers

5. VEC members

 

9. INCLUSIVE PLAY PARK

We have setup 10 Inclusive play parks (1/block) for all 10 Blocks for social gathering of CWSN with normal children.

 

10. NATIONAL DISABILITY ID CARD

Those who are disabled up to certain level are entitled to receive one ID card through DDRO office to claim thei benefits from the Govt. The card is being issued after conducting clinical examination on CWSN by a specialist doctor from the concerned discipline. 562 CWSN have received National Disability ID card through Medical Camp.

 

Criteria for Disability ID card

  O.I-------- 40% Disabilit

  H.I--------40% Disability

  M.R-----   >40% I.Q

  V.I------- 60% Disability

 

11. RESOURCE ROOM:

We have established 10 resource rooms (1/block) in Trichy district with special instruments and some play materials for the benefit of special children. The physiotherapists rendering their services to the special children in the Resource Room with the special instruments. The special teachers provide training to all types of disabled children and monitor their progress periodically with the help of their parents, teachers and community. We could see considerable improvement in the physical, educational and social activities of the special children.

 

SEVAI-RESOURSE ROOM

We have established a resource room for CWSN at our allur campus with diagnostic (Audiometer) and therapeutic materials (play materials).

 

We have established 7 day care center (one/block) to provide therapeutic and pedagogical assistants to the severely disabled home based CWSN.

 

ACTIVITIES AT DAY CARE CENTERS

8  Physiotherapy session

8  Basic teaching

8  Psychological counseling

8  Parental guidance

8  ADL training

8  Speech therapy

Totally 89 students have been benefited through this approach and 61 of them have improved their physical and mental well being.

Day Care Centre disabled children details

S. No

Name of the Block

Types Disability

Total

VI

HI & SD

Ortho

CP

MR

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

1

Anda nallur

0

0

0

0

3

1

5

4

1

3

9

8

2

Lalgudi

3

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

5

7

5

3

Manachanallur

0

1

1

1

0

0

5

0

2

1

8

3

4

Musiri

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

2

5

3

7

5

5

Thiruverumbur

0

0

3

0

0

0

4

3

1

2

8

5

6

Thuraiyur

0

0

0

0

1

0

3

2

5

1

9

3

7

Trichy-urban

0

0

1

1

0

0

5

5

0

0

6

6

Total

3

1

6

2

6

1

24

16

15

15

54

35